"On a daily basis, I read countless newspaper articles, impassioned posts, and convincing studies that shout out "we are failing children", "change the system", or "do something different". These excellent resources are written by talented, skilled educators who work in the system today and clearly care deeply about students and student learning. And to this end, I agree with all of the posts (or at least almost all of them) that I have read. But then I think about Mom's comment in the Detroit Public Schools investigative report--"I know you care, now what are you doing to show it?". "
And this, to me, is the penultimate point: while we can talk until we are blue in the face about what is wrong in education, I still find it far more productive to hear how people are making the rubber hit the road.
Recently, a colleague approached me about their interest in getting into school based administration. She was busy preparing a resume and thinking about how she was going to approach the whole application process, and she wanted to get another perspective on some of the key points she should emphasize during her presentation that would demonstrate her potential to be a successful administrator.
I found this to be a complex question that I did not want to take lightly. There are so many things to consider when it comes to characterizing effective leadership. Moreover, it is my belief that future success is predicated on past practice, so I feel it is important to show what you have DONE to illustrate what it is that you can DO.
But after taking some time to think about this, my answer for my colleague hit me. The concept that covers it in terms of leadership for me is IMPLEMENTATION. What is it that you have implemented that you are most proud of? It is my belief that implementation of an initiative on a large scale encompasses numerous characteristics of an effective leader. While not an exhaustive list, these are some of the abilities that I feel someone possesses when they have successfully implemented a program or concept:
- The ability to reflect and self-assessment: If you are able to reflect, self-assess, and have the humility to admit there is an issue and the desire to change, you are demonstrating leadership. If you can ask yourself questions such as: what do you do well in your learning situation? How do you know? What are the antecedents of these successes? Where are areas for growth? Where are areas that you just flat-out stink? How do you know? What are the reasons why you need to grow in these areas? Can you be vulnerable enough to admit that you or your school might need some assistance to help ameliorate these issues?
- The ability to create a vision and a strategic plan: Planning is a cornerstone for successful implementation, and great leaders always have a plan that begins with the end in mind. What is the desired outcome in your situation? Why? Do you have a compelling rationale and data to support your moving in a new direction? Who are the key partners? What questions should you be asking? Where are the potential hurdles, obstacles and pitfalls? What are the timelines and benchmarks? What are the negotiables? The non-negotiables? How will you know when you have reached your goal? What will be the measure of success? How will you celebrate when you get there?
- Creativity: Sometimes the solutions to issues can be solved by being creative with things that already exist. This can apply to personnel, resources, or just the way that you approach the initiative in the first place. Great leaders don't just think outside of the box, they turn the box on its side, look at it as a diamond and wonder why it was used as a box in the first place.
- The ability to effectively utilize existing and new resources: Nothing is 'free', and there is no more money, so get over that piece. But saying that, not everything costs money, What are you able to do in your current situation? What you need to start doing? Stop doing? Are you using your existing resources in the most effective manner? Can you look at alternate means of implementing your goal? Are you using those juices from #3? It is difficult to have an initiative come to fruition without the appropriate resourcing (please do not just hear MONEY when you hear resources), and by making resources come together, you have clearly demonstrated leadership.
- The ability to collaborate and communicate: No initiative can be successfully implemented without these. Period. (And I am sure there are many of us that have discovered this the hard way). Whenever you put forth a vision and a plan, you open yourself up to criticism that can come from all directions. However, the mistake that I have made in the past was to get defensive or to disregard the criticism. Or to surround myself only with like-minded individuals so I could easily justify my actions. True leaders listen to the criticism, and to try to understand the source so they can get a more diverse perspective on the initiative. They are able to take criticism and turn it into a positive that actually makes the initiative even stronger and more compelling. They collaborate with supporters and naysayers, and through extensive communication that is based in greater understanding, they move forward.
- Courage: Finally, implementing an initiative takes courage. There can be unpleasant conversations, attacks that feel very personal, hurt feelings, and sleepless nights. There are the endless thoughts of "why am I doing this to myself?" when the status quo seems so much easier. But to me, when someone has the fortitude and focus to keep their eyes on the vision that they had in the first place and be doggedly determined to move forward through adversity, they are showing leadership of the highest order.